.. This text was converted to electronic form by Data Entry and has been proofread to a low level of accuracy. In the wake of a great deal of critical work in recent years, excavating Nietzsche’s Cynicism, two questions are worth asking afresh: how far did the identification go? It is by no means certain that he adhered to any school, and he is usually more attentive to biographical details. [21] In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, however, scholars have managed to partially redeem Diogenes Laertius's reputation as a writer by reading his book in a Hellenistic literary context. Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers was a valuable work of the 3rd century by Diogenes Laërtius, a writer otherwise unknown. 1992. He does, however, simplify. He also wrote poems, most of them now lost. His history, in ten books, is divided unscientifically into two 'Successions' or sections: 'Ionian' from Anaximander to Theophrastus and Chrysippus, including the Socratic schools; 'Italian' from Pythagoras to Epicurus, including the Eleatics and sceptics. Diogenes Laertius was a Greek writer who probably lived in the first half of the third century AD. Diogenes Laertius and an Athenian Honorary Decree for Zeno of Citium." Citation Information. Get up to speed! An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. 1992. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. Isn’t night and more night coming again and again? [5] The modern form "Diogenes Laertius" is much rarer, used by Stephanus of Byzantium,[6] and in a lemma to the Greek Anthology. Diogenes was a controversial figure. Emigrated?’ – are variants on a caustic theme: where has he been? Diogenes Laërtius als persoon is een grote onbekende. We also send occasional donation requests and, no more than once a year, reader surveys. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. The original Cynics’ radical reduction of their requirements for a good life made happiness possible, but only by embracing life like an animal (a dog, or kunos). Courtesy the Basel Historical Museum, Switzerland/Wikipedia, Feeling connected to objects is a fundamental – and fraught – part of human nature, For a child, being carefree is intrinsic to a well-lived life, ‘I’m just measuring myself with myself’ – ping pong as a route to Sufi spiritual practice. Diogenes of Sinope (c404-323 BCE) and his followers claimed independence from conventional material desires and the normal turmoil of emotional life. Export citation. Diogenes Laërtius divides the philosophy of the Greeks into the Ionic, beginning with Anaximander, and ending with Theophrastus (in which class, he includes the Socratic philosophy and all its various ramifications); and the Italian, beginning with Pythagoras, and ending with Epicurus, in which he includes the Eleatics, as also Heraclitus and the Sceptics. [17], In addition to the Lives, Diogenes was the author of a work in verse on famous men, in various metres, which he called Epigrammata or Pammetros (Πάμμετρος).[3]. And what did his philosophy hope to gain, and risk losing, by it? Jonathan Barnes. Poor Diogenes Laertius. ‘Diogenes Laertiades’ was how Nietzsche signed himself in a letter to a friend in his late 20s: ‘son of Laertius’, or literally ‘sprung from Laertius’, ie from Diogenes Laertius. It is in this sense that we might best understand what it means for Nietzsche to be emulating Diogenes ‘a little bit’, seeking a practice of philosophy that would ‘make do’ with less. According to Glenn W. Most, author of one of the scholarly essays, “Diogenes … Hicks. Mark as duplicate. His reputation is controversial among scholars because he often repeats information from his sources without critically evaluating it. The repeated invoking of ‘shameful origins’ rhetorically assists that purpose: it ‘brings a feeling of diminution in value of the thing that originated thus and prepares the way to a critical mood and attitude toward it’. "Encyclopaedias of Virtue? Much more might be said about the tolle Mensch and his role in The Gay Science, but I want to concentrate on what this celebrated episode suggests about Nietzsche’s relationship to Cynicism as a form of heavily mediated philosophic self-expression – eccentric material that offers a set of old stylistic and intellectual strategies for the writer-philosopher, including strategies for apprehending the nature and limits of his or her own authority. Much of the mysteriousness arises from the projection of the Cynic as an unstable psychology into a public encounter that is, on both sides, full of questions with no obvious answers. Vol. DIOGENES LAËRTIUS (or Laërtius Diogenes), the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laërte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii.Of the circumstances of his life we know nothing. Striking though the revival of the Cynic figure is, what might impress a reader with equal force is how stylistically unlike the original scene Nietzsche’s version of it is. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (/ ˈ n iː tʃ ə, ˈ n iː tʃ i /; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] or [ˈniːtsʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, and philologist whose work has exerted a profound influence on modern intellectual history. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers. His work on: Life and Doctrines of Eminent Philosophers Spanned over three centuries, from Thales (640BC-545BC) to Epicurus (342BC-270BC), the most important historical personalities, some of them well known, but others more obscure to me. The shortcomings of the classical sources are an advantage here, rather than something to be regretted. Where Diogenes Laertius was concisely anecdotal and minimally interpretative, Nietzsche is – within the flexible parameters of the aphoristic form – expansive, even garrulous, and, if not psychologically intimate, certainly interested in staging a public psychological drama from his philosophical materials. "[23], Despite his importance to the history of western philosophy and the controversy surrounding him, according to Gian Mario Cao, Diogenes Laërtius has still not received adequate philological attention. by Emden, Christian J. He is also referred to as "Laertes" or simply "Diogenes". Nietzsche-Studien 15 (1):16 (1986) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius eBook: Laertius, Diogenes, Miller, James, Mensch, Pamela: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store "Diogenes Laertius is not Nietzsche's 'dim-witted watchman' of the history of Greek philosophy, but a fascinating and underrated figure. 2010. Hicks. They were notoriously without shame – pissing and satisfying their sexual needs in public, like the dogs (kynes) from which their name partly derived. ‘Primeval blunder!’ ‘Not much better than the judgments of animals!’ ‘Detestable petty conclusions!’ We don’t strictly need any of this expostulation, but such hyperbolic notes create a stylistic intimacy between the ravelling-up of morality (how it gets a hold on us) and the unravelling work of Nietzschean philosophy that seeks to put us on our guard against it, and against philosophy itself. Classical Quarterlyno. His father minted coins for a living, and Diogenes was banished from Sinope when he took to debasement of currency. [18] Hermann Usener (1834–1905) deplored Diogenes Laërtius as a "complete ass" (asinus germanus) in his Epicurea (1887). ", Long, Anthony A. Diogenes Laertius "Peri biōn, dogmatōn kai apophthegmatōn tōn en philosophiāi endokimēsantōn" by Ambrogio Traversari circa 1430 A.D. Screen shot of Latin translation of Diogenes Laertius as reproduced by National Library of Florence, Italy (Digital Archives) Licentie. Get Access to Full Text. There emerges a compelling account of the importance of Diogenes in the development of the influential method of Quellenforschung. By ‘God is dead’, we should understand that ‘belief in the Christian God has become unworthy of belief’: the time has come for human beings to live truthfully, in accordance with their situation. Hij is de schrijver van een uitgebreide biografie van Griekse filosofen. Alle diogenes citaten, wijsheden, quotes en uitspraken vindt u nu al 20 jaar op citaten.net. Always on the margins of mainstream or accepted thinking about morality, it exhibits a conscious detachment, or (maybe) alienation, from the common goals, projects, aspirations of others, pursuing a quasi-vocational (in the psychological view, a temperamental) calling to expose the illusions and self-delusions sustaining, or helping to sustain, those commitments. Nietzsche worked closely on Aeschylus texts, wrote an essay on Diogenes Laertius, and many other articles and reviews which make up the Philologica. Jonathan Barnes. The German articles were signed at the end either as ‘Friedrich Nietzsche.’ or ‘F . 1972 (First published 1925). In his lyric moods he wrote “perhaps the worst verses ever published,” an anthologist pronounced. But where does its usefulness to Nietzsche stop? Buy Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius by Mensch, Pamela, Miller, James online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Libro de la vita de philosophi et delle loro elegantissime sentencie. In, Morgan, Teresa J. That is: against the tenacity of inherited morality and against any claim that he, the philosopher, might want to make to avoid error and afford a value perspective that we could call ‘true’. ", Eshleman, Kendra Joy. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. : Collections of Sayings and Stories About Wise Men in Greek." This is a body of work that understandably tends to stress how much Cynicism does. [9], The origin of the name "Laertius" is also uncertain. Laërtius must have lived after Sextus Empiricus (c. 200), whom he mentions, and before Stephanus of Byzantium and Sopater of Apamea (c. 500), who quote him. 1986. (41) The study of the life, activities, and sayings of a philosopher was in fact regarded as an 3rd c. ad)Greek biographer. Aping the voice of outraged conventionality (‘O pudenda origo!’ – the Latin adds an edge to pastiche), Daybreak asks for critical wariness at just the point where a conventional reader might be predisposed to take the story of origin semi-literally. The selections cover many major Western and non-Western schools of thought, including Daoism, virtue ethics, Buddhism, natural law, deontology, utilitarianism, contractarianism, liberalism, Marxism, feminism, and communitarianism. ↑ Fr. He must have lived after Sextus Empiricus (c. A.D. 200), whom he mentions, and before Stephanus of Byzantium (c. Comedy turns to embarrassment only with the direct physical confrontation as he jumps into their midst, ‘piercing’ them with his eyes. Pippin is not wrong that the gesture of unmasking is continuous with the moralist tradition of La Rochefoucauld and others, and to that extent registers a familiar skeptic demand for ‘clarity about human frailty and failings’, but Nietzsche’s skepticism is unlike La Rochefoucauld’s in that it comes laced with a relish for mimicry that goes beyond intellectual requirements for clarity about what morality is and where it comes from, and targets the will to clarity itself. [3], The precise form of his name is uncertain. Oxford University Press, 2018. The questions thrown back at him as he makes his erratic progress – ‘Has he been lost?’, ‘Did he lose his way like a child?’, ‘Is he hiding?’, ‘Is he afraid of us? Speech of this order is at its most concentrated in the ‘skirmishing’ [‘Streifzüge’] section of Twilight of the Idols (1889). Find it on Scholar. Diogenes Laërtius (/daɪˈɒdʒɪniːz leɪˈɜːrʃiəs/; Greek: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogenēs Laertios; fl. The Lives of the Peripatetics: An Analysis of the Content and Structure of Diogenes Laertius’ “Vitae philosophorum” Book 5. Henricus Aristippus, the archdeacon of Catania, produced a Latin translation of Diogenes Laertius's book in southern Italy in the late 1150s, which has since been lost or destroyed. Become a Friend of Aeon to save articles and enjoy other exclusive benefits, Aeon email newsletters are issued by the not-for-profit, registered charity Aeon Media Group Ltd (Australian Business Number 80 612 076 614). We will not disclose your personal information except: (1) as described by this Privacy Policy (2) after obtaining your permission for a specific use or disclosure or (3) if we are required to do so by a valid legal process or government request (such as a court order, a search warrant, a subpoena, a civil discovery request, or a statutory requirement). In, Sassi, Maria Michela. This PDF includes the: project narrative, bibliography, and sample translation that comprise the major part of the proposal. 3rd c. BC) Greek biographer. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. This looks very like a problematic appeal to something not just more ‘primitive’ but in some sense more ‘natural’ – and Nietzsche does indeed seem to be offering a kind of naturalistic psychology as a basis for understanding our investment in morality. As with so much of Nietzsche’s writing (the tolle Mensch passage included), what keys us in to the difference between a critical and a positive aim is a kind of literary excess in the delivery. These are classic Cynic manoeuvres: what looks like virtue is ‘devalued’, its conventional value ‘adulterated’. We are committed to ensuring that your information is secure. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. / Lemm, Vanessa / Heit, Helmut / Zittel, Claus Like “As to the gods, I have no means of knowing either that they exist or do not exist. Nietzsche’s philosophy looks to a future that will be free, ‘gay’, ‘momentous’, as far as possible self-determining and nondialectical; it resists and resents the poisoning, ‘nausea’-inducing hold of past ways of thinking. Photo by Kacper Kowalski/Panos Pictures, Detail from the Dance with Death by Johann Rudolf Feyerabend. ... 1978). Hasn’t it got colder? late antique biographer of classical Greek philosophers, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Works by Diogenes Laertius at Perseus Digital Library. 30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. Nietzsche Studien no. [18] Geremia da Montagnone used this translation as a source for his Compedium moralium notabilium (1285) and an anonymous Italian author used it as a source for work entitled Liber de vita et moribus philosophorum (written c. 1317–1320), which reached international popularity in the Late Middle Ages. Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For other people named Diogenes, see Diogenes (disambiguation). In ‘Diogenes Laertius and Nietzsche’, Glenn W. Most recalls heated debates surrounding the Lives in the nineteenth century, a particularly febrile period in German classical scholarship. In his lyric moods he wrote “perhaps the worst verses ever published,” an … By clicking ‘subscribe’ you agree to the following: You can change your mind at any time by clicking the ‘unsubscribe’ link in the footer of emails you receive from us, or by contacting us at [email protected], If you want to review and correct the personal information we have about you, you can click on ‘update preferences’ in the footer of emails you receive from us, or by contacting us at [email protected] [18] Nonetheless, he admitted that Diogenes Laërtius's compilation was an important one given the information that it contained. 23 likes. 2 Bergk. "How to Kill a Philosopher: The Narrating of Ancient Greek Philosophers' Deaths in Relation to the Living. Numerous philosophers, public moralists, literary writers and cultural critics before and after Nietzsche have played with the possibilities of confrontational philosophic self-fashioning in Diogenes’ image, but the depth and extent of his intellectual engagement were unusual. Ionian Philosophy and Italic Philosophy: From Diogenes Laertius to Diels. The Socratic school, with its various branches, is classed with the Ionic, while the Eleatics and Pyrrhonists are treated under the Italic. 1992. Poor Diogenes Laertius. Diogenes Laertius but also quite common in a variety of other authors, that a philosopher's life and his work should agree with each other. "Diogenes Laertius and the Chreia Tradition. Diogenes Laërtius (/daɪˌɒdʒɪniːz leɪˈɜːrʃiəs/ dy-OJ-in-eez lay-UR-shee-əs;[1] Greek: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, translit. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. Diogenes Laërtius (Oudgrieks: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogénes Laértios) was een Griekstalig biograaf, vermoedelijk uit het begin van de 3e eeuw na Chr. The best relationship the ‘higher man’ can have with Cynicism, then, will be strategic: there are ‘real short-cuts and aids’ here ‘to make his work easier’, Nietzsche suggests, while remaining on the lookout for the inevitable betrayal of its limitations: Be on your guard, in short: Cynicism is the operative mode of people who deal too much with ‘the average man’, and have learned to ‘recognise the animal, the commonplace, the “norm” within themselves’: strategically deployed, their ‘honesty’ might be of use. 2007. [19] The value of his Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers as an insight into the private lives of the Greek sages led the French Renaissance philosopher Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592) to exclaim that he wished that, instead of one Laërtius, there had been a dozen. Read More Inspire your inbox – Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers. Addressing an audience largely, but not entirely, committed to a view of itself as enlightened (‘many’ of them do not ‘believe’) the tolle Mensch seems absurd, histrionic, unduly agitated. Dīogénēs Lāértios; fl. 1986. In, Sollenberger, Michael. Hardcover, 720 pages, $45. Diogenes Laertius This otherwise unknown Roman author is thought to have lived at the beginning of the third century during the reign of Sextius. 3rd century AD) was a biographer of the Greek philosophers. "Diogenes Laertius, Life of Arcesilaus." 1986. Harvard University Press. [18] Both modern critical editions of his book, by H. S. Long (1964) and by M. Marcovich (1999) have received extensive criticism from scholars.[18]. R.D. The most obvious use to which Nietzsche puts it, beyond the revival of Diogenes himself as an unstable and perplexing public moralist, is at the level of style. In Ordering Knowledge in the Roman Empire. "Diogenes Laertius is not Nietzsche's 'dim-witted watchman' of the history of Greek philosophy, but a fascinating and underrated figure. He passionately defends Epicurus[15] in Book 10, which is of high quality and contains three long letters attributed to Epicurus explaining Epicurean doctrines. Edited by Jason König and Tim Whitmars, 133–149. Everyone wants to live a meaningful life. However, according to statements of the 14th-century monk Walter Burley in his De vita et moribus philosophorum, the text of Diogenes seems to have been much fuller than that which we now possess. We will use the email address you provide to send you daily and/or weekly emails (depending on your selection). ‘Aren’t we straying as though through an infinite nothing?’ asks the crazy man; ‘Isn’t empty space breathing at us? Vol. Exuberant excess of denunciation wards off an error that Nietzsche is constantly priming himself and us against: the tendency of philosophers to ‘make the whole cosmos out of th[e] intellectual faculty’. We will try and respond to your request as soon as reasonably practical. He is criticized primarily for being overly concerned with superficial details of the philosophers' lives and lacking the intellectual capacity to explore their actual philosophical works with any penetration. Herbert S. Long warns: "Diogenes has acquired an importance out of all proportion to his merits because the loss of many primary sources and of the earlier secondary compilations has accidentally left him the chief continuous source for the history of Greek philosophy. Ed. No physical or electronic security system is impenetrable however and you should take your own precautions to protect the security of any personally identifiable information you transmit. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius: Mensch, Pamela, Miller, James: 9780190862176: Books - Amazon.ca Long before our own day of self-help books offering twelve-step programs and other guides to attain happiness, the philosophers of ancient Greece explored the riddle of what makes a life worth living, producing a wide variety of ideas and examples to follow. Nietzsche and Diogenes laertius. By his own account, the new Diogenes has come too soon, or too abruptly. Diogenes Laertius, native of Laerte in Cilicia, was a biographer of ancient Greek philosophers. Hegel thought that how a philosopher lived was… Diogenes Laertius. Diogenes Laertius. Edited by Wolfgang Haase, 4241–4301. The Cynic manoeuvre unmasks an earlier, more primitive motive that counts for ‘less’ than the standard one. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Digitized Manuscript of Diogenes Laertius' Vitae Philosophorum (Arundel MS 531), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diogenes_Laërtius&oldid=988903036, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating the template Lives of the Eminent Philosophers, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM without a Wikisource reference, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Barnes, Jonathan. Later in The Gay Science, Nietzsche clarifies what is at issue. Take this brief extract on the shortcomings of other artists, philosophical and literary-poetic: The sneering litany takes to fresh extremes Nietzsche’s earlier gestures in the way of ridiculing, castigating and mocking philosophers and public moralists across a sweeping panoply from Socrates to Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Diogenes and his ilk understood ‘self-overcoming’ as an ascetic practice of toughness in the face of deprivation, but had no concept of transformative ‘self-overcoming’ and none of the finer apprehension of art that distinguishes a ‘noble’ spirit. He was born in Sinope, an Ionian colony on the Black Sea coast of modern day Turkey, in 412 or 404 BC and died at Corinth in 323 BC. Her most recent book is The Value of the Humanities (2013). This text was converted to electronic form by Data Entry and has been proofread to a low level of accuracy. Request removal from index. ↑ Ib. Search. (PDF) Nietzsches Preplatonic Philosophers: Diogenes Laërtius, ‘Personality,’ and the ‘Succession’ of Anaxagoras | Babette Babich - Academia.edu Scholars typically discount Nietzsche's value for contemporary studies of Greek antiquity and this is done from both the perspective of Classics as of Ancient Philosophy. "Nietzsche and Diogenes Laertius." "Diogenes Laertius on Stoic Philosophy. At one point, he even seems to refer to the Pyrrhonists as "our school. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access provided support for entering this text. The ancient manuscripts invariably refer to a "Laertius Diogenes", and this form of the name is repeated by Sopater[4] and the Suda. "Affection and Affiliation: Social Networks and Conversion to Philosophy.". Will a sense of meaning help us? [7] He is also referred to as "Laertes"[8] or simply "Diogenes". 2: 36.5–6. Grau, Sergi. Diogenes Laertius furnishes us with the only virtual encyclopedia of phi-losophy which has survived from the ancient world, even though figures such as Seneca, Lucretius, and Cicero are not mentioned. by Emden, Christian J. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. We will retain your information for as long as needed in light of the purposes for which is was obtained or to comply with our legal obligations and enforce our agreements.