90 0 obj endobj It is well suited as an alternative crop production system, and it has low crop water requirement with moderate resistance to soil moisture deficit. In Ethiopia, sesame grows well in the semiarid The crops grown in Ethiopia are diverse following the mosaic agro-ecologies derived from the. Sesame has been cultivated since antiquity (IPGRI 2004). 0000221363 00000 n xœ½½{¬¥Éq杝ÝÎ.fHÎîÌ.gwywI‘÷®. Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. 0000023859 00000 n Ethiopia is one of the centers of biodiversity for several oilseeds which can be considered as specialty high value seeds on the international market. Sesame Research and Production in Ethiopia 17 . /Contents 91 0 R Despite the traditional way of farming yields for oilseeds are on the. It is a short-day plant but also grows well in long-day areas. Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm. Ethiopia has a total area of 112 million hectares out which about 45% is arable. Temperature Requirements Earliest time is when there is a 70ºF soil temperature in the morning. There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. Maturity depends on the weather condition and it usually varies from 90 - 105 days. The Western zone of Tigray is the major sesame production area where large and small-scale commercial farms produce the crop. 0000256701 00000 n Potato – Potato production has increased substantially in recent years, with estimates at … Nutritional profi le of sesame seeds Sesame oil is highly stable and rarely turns rancid in hot cli-mates. %%EOF It is also one of main commercial crops in Nigeria, Sudan and Ethiopia (www. In article [26] Ermias Mokonon, Endrias Geta and Belaineh Legesse, 2015. the national sesame seed production comes from Amhara region, followed by Tigray (31%), and Oromia (13%). All the major 0000021811 00000 n stream Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) is the leading oil seed crop produced in Ethiopia. These include low productivity and quality, poor market infrastructure, long and traditional marketing channels among others. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. According to Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), the production of this 9. 0000258908 00000 n %Ç쏢 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 28 3.1. … %PDF-1.5 Conceptual Framework for Study 26 3. The crop is tolerant to drought, but not to water logging and excessive rainfall. 0000256473 00000 n 88 0 obj seeds are produced in different parts of the country. However, a number of challenges hamper the development of the sesame … 0000000973 00000 n >> 0000197550 00000 n 0000001122 00000 n sesame production, number of working family members, sesame crop yield and access to credit service determine the level of sesame production participation considerably. 0000022471 00000 n 0000022666 00000 n Oil crops production Introduction Oil crops are important field crops in the world as well as in Ethiopia. Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. Likewise, sesame cultivated by 29 countries in Africa on a total land of 6.8 million hectare which a total production of 3.4 million ton (FAOSTAT, 2017). Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 Sesame is an important cash crop and plays a vital role in the livelihood of many people in Ethiopia. 0000153780 00000 n It is the second most important agricultural commodity for export market in the country. The total production of sesame in the same 0 reduced production costs. All the sesame growing areas fulfill the above condition In particular the north and north western parts of the country, Ethiopian Pulses, Oil Seeds and Spices Processors and Exporters Association (EPOSPEA), E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Office address; Haile Gebereslassie Avenue, 22 mazoria Rebecca building next to Axum Hotel 7th floor room # 703, Sunday the 13th. Overall, Ethiopia’s natural resource base, the soil, the climate, the relative humidity the vegetation types are the foundations of agriculture. nutrition and you). Even though Ethiopia is one of the major global producers and exporters of sesame seed, the country These farmers, whose output is predominantly cereal crops, account for 95% of the agricultural production in Ethiopia. The production of sesame seeds in the world is dominated by a few countries that lie in the African and Asian continents. Hence with the transfer of technology and the provision of inputs, the increment of production and yield will be achieved strongly. In terms of export potential, Ethiopia is the third world exporter of sesame seeds after India and Sudan (Alemu & Meijerink, 2010; Temesgen, Gobena, & Megersa, 2017). 0000022101 00000 n Ethiopian Pulses, Oilseeds and Spices Processors Exporters Association, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MOFED), Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Horticulture Producers Exporters Association, International Pulses Trade and Industry Confederation (CISILIS-IPTIC), soil types -ranging from fertile soils to sand. According to Aysheshm (2007), only about 5% is believed to be consumed locally. Agriculture is the mainstay of the national economy contributing about 46% of GDP, over 90% export and 83% of employment. Figure 1: Production of Sesame in 2012/13 Source: CSA As in 2011/12, Ethiopia’s largest production of Sesame in 2012/13 originated from Amhara Region. <> 0000153846 00000 n exported Sesame is grown on the farms of small holders and commercial farmers in almost all the regions of Ethiopia. 0000153746 00000 n Introduction Sesame is strategically important to Ethiopia, as it consistently ranks as a top performing export crop. Ethiopia has high quality sesame seed varieties suitable for wide range applications. <> The oilseeds sector Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). 5 1. Sesame is grown from sea level to altitudes of 1500mt with uniformly distributed rainfall of about 500-8-00 mm and temperature of 25- 30 Celsius. Kifle Degefa, MotiJaleta, Belaineh Legesse, 2017.Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Farmers in Maize Production in Bako Tibe District, Ethiopia, 7 (2). 0000001340 00000 n On the higher altitudes crops like herbs. 0000023628 00000 n 0000023270 00000 n The country has a potential irrigable land of about 3.7 million ha. Mid October to November is the usual harvesting time, Harvesting begins when two third of the plant and seed pods turn yellow, Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years. The particularities of sesame cultivation currently practiced in Benishangul Gumuz make such changes in mechanization unlikely in the near-term future. (3.12% of total grain crops produced) respectively; The major oil crops in Ethiopia are: 4/30/2014 2 3. 60% of the total world production) (El Khier et al, 2008). Ethiopian Sesame - Production and Potential. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. 0000000015 00000 n Sesame in Ethiopia is grown mainly for the export market (Aysheshm, 2007; Alemu and W.Meijerink, 2010). The different agro ecological zones, extensive arable land and high population in rural areas make Ethiopia an agrarian country. Owing to its importance as a major export commodity, the area coverage and production has increased in the past few years.There is enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through the cultivation of additional new land. Of the world’s sesame production, 60% is produced in Asia, but less than 2% of this total is exported. trailer and cropping altitude from more than 3000mt to less than 600 mt asl. It is rich in unsaturated fatty acids where the fatty acids composition is 14% saturated, 39% mono-unsaturated, and 89 0 obj 0000153812 00000 n The majority of these are smallholder farmers practicing subsistence farming on less than one hectare of land. 0000160107 00000 n 88 33 Performance and determinants of sesame seed export in Ethiopia. Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years; There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. Perspectives in Sesame Production Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Sesame is one of the most ancient oil crops known to mankind. The area and production of oil crops in Ethiopia in was 774,529.55ha 2010/11(6.55% of total area covered) and 6,339,987.49 Qts. startxref endobj Africa too has large internal market, but The best time for sowing period is found http://techwildcatters.com/online/ to be from, Ethiopia has altitudes from below sea level up to4500meter above sea generic viagra 100mg level with different climate zones which enables to grow a wide variety of oilseeds crops. x TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 2.8.1 Sesame research 17 2.8.2 Sesame production 18 2.9. According About 146 crop types in Ethiopia and oilseeds are among the major ones. 0000153924 00000 n Agriculture in Ethiopia is the largest component of its economy and employs the majority of the Ethiopian population. Niger seed is oil crop of Ethiopian origin like coffee. Soil Requirements Grows best on medium to light, well-drained soils. 0000257415 00000 n Sesame production is expected to increase at a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period. Sesame and Niger seed dominate largely the oil seeds category. endobj xref China are the major world sesame producers; in Africa, Sudan is the largest and Ethiopia is the fourth largest sesame producers (Langham & Wiemers, 2002). Table 2 shows the sesame production and trade worldwide and Table 3 enlists the major sesame producers (FAO, 2005). the available capacity to expand sesame production could contribute to the economic growth of Ethiopia. In sesame growing areas of northern Ethiopia there is no information for the production constraints of different sesame diseases; prevalence, incidence and severity. 0000235677 00000 n It is grown as a rain fed crop throughout the tropics and subtropics. Ethiopia for production of fruits and vegetables. Major opportunities and potentials existing in the country for ... cottonand sesame. Availability of Virgin fertile new areas which can be cultivated on large scale + cheap and abundant labor are the key indicators of the future potential, The government is investing on Roads, Telephone and the energy sector, Ethiopia is in the process of WTO Membership, The Government has developed a package of incentives for domestic and foreign investors engaged in new enterprises and expansions, Hence there is good potential to increase the cultivation, New areas are fertile, virgin and offer good opportunities for expansion, The Exporters association is working hard to build the capacity of its members. 0000021108 00000 n For example, in 2005/06 Ethiopia exported 237, 565 tons of sesame The government is enhancing the investment in the oilseeds sector with an extended package of incentives. According to CSA (2015), in 2013/14 production year, sesame covered 299,724 ha of land at national level. 0000026100 00000 n 0000257953 00000 n Sesame is an important crop to Nigerian agriculture: it is quite extens ively cultivated especially in Northern Nigeria. 91 0 obj Empirical Studies on the Technology Adoption 20 2.10. While, Benshangul-Gumuz, SNNP and Gambela regions, respectively account for 9%, 2% and 1% of the total production. Among the oil crops of Ethiopia, sesame seed commands a leading position because it is highly adapted to arid & semiarid low land environment and yields well. Sesame is well adapted to a wide range of soils, but requires deep, well-drained, fertile sandy loams. plots of land. Latest time is 4th of July. Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. <<780C94181D7CB238BBC7986783058E90>]/Prev 1480346>> sesame production zones (survey: 98%) • Mandatory quarantine periods for labourers returning from Sudan, or entering the sesame zone in Tigray region, affect the availability of labour Sesame crop productivity shows the list productivity growth among the other oil seed crops in the last ten years in all three major oilseed growing regions of Ethiopia (CSA, 2015). Sesame (/ ˈ s ɛ z ə m iː / or / ˈ s ɛ s ə m iː /; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne. However, sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed. If sesame production in Ethiopia were further mechanized, however, the competitive advantage of large-scale farming versus smallholder farming would improve. The objectives of the study were to review the status of production and productivity, Uganda is the world’s fifth biggest producer of sesame after India (666,020), 2 Sesame production and marketing system in Ethiopia: an overview 1.3 Sesame production in Ethiopia Sesame is produced in around 75 countries of the world. Furthermore, the study verified that in addition to the quantity of sesame marketed, market price, selling channels, Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important crop produced in Ethiopia for oilseed production and it was ranked first in total production from oil crops during 2013. <> Production and export of sesame seed has increased dramatically in the last ten years and thus Ethiopia has become one of the world’s leading producers and exporter of sesame in very short time. Sesame has negligible economic damage from deer, hogs, and birds. The humera type is appreciated worldwide for its aroma and taste. 0000023043 00000 n sesame production is concentrated in India, Myanmar, Tanzania, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, China and Ethiopia, which contributing 51% of the world total sesame production. Therefore; the study was designed with the following objectives (1) to assess and identify major sesame disease and (2) to study the 0000021044 00000 n <> 0000021601 00000 n Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is grown in areas with annual rainfall of 625-1100mm and temperature of >270C. Beginning of June to Mid July when cultivated as rain fed crop. Production Efficiency of Sesame Production in Selamago District, South Omo Zone of Southern Ethiopia. that Ethiopia ranked 3rd in Africa in terms of sesame production (Hagose, 2017; Wijnands, Biersteker, & van Loo, 2009). 0000258394 00000 n 0000021066 00000 n Sesame – in the last five years, sesame production has doubled, except for the 2015/16 drought year which resulted in nearly a 10 percent reduction in total production for the year. 0000022321 00000 n Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), locally called “Selit” or “Simsim,” is one of the major economically important oil crops and the second major source of foreign currency, next to coffee, in Ethiopia [1]. Contribute to the economic growth of Ethiopia 2015 ), in 2013/14 production year, sesame production could to., Performance and determinants of sesame seeds in the same sesame Research and production in Selamago District, South Zone. Productivity, Performance and determinants of sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia.. 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