Yankees pushed for small states like theirs to get equal representation in Congress by counting slaves as three-fifths of a person. Unless they could prove that they had been behind the revolution, all Norteños lost citizenship rights; henceforth, only white people would have these rights unless it was proven otherwise through documentation or evidence such as family members fighting on behalf of Texan rebels against Mexican soldiers during this conflict between 1835-1836 known as “The Texian Revolution”. Woodard proposes a framework for examining American history and current events based on a view of the country as a federation of eleven nations, each defined by a shared culture established by each nation's founding population. Then there was a new president named Jefferson who supported France over England and made New Englanders nervous about their relationship with Britain. People of this region were also more independent than people from central Mexico because they were so far away from the center of Spanish power. This illustrated how different Appalachia was from other parts of America at that time. The region began to contemplate expanding to Mexico or Nicaragua, fearing that Spain would free Cuban slaves and become a refuge for runaway slaves. However, there was no conflict of interest between the company and the government because they maintained good relations with Indians for their mutual benefit—the fur trade. The Dutch were a sophisticated and advanced culture during that time. For instance, New York has very few Dutch people living there today. This tendency still exists today among those who live in border states like Kentucky, where family feuds are common and lawlessness abounds. They imported goods from England cheaply so they did not need industry or towns. However, Powhatan saw that the Englishmen were weak and could be defeated easily if he attacked when they least expected it. What's special about Shortform: Sound like what you've been looking for? New Netherlanders were eager to prepare for war, perhaps because so many of them came from countries endangered by the Nazis, and the Left Coast, Far West, and El Norte followed, in part because there were so many military bases and plants in the region. The culture wars of the 1990s and 2000s were a continuation of social upheavals in the 1960s. King Philip II used the wealth from his New World colonies to wage war against Protestant nations in Europe. American Nations by Colin Woodard Nations with distinct identities and values formed a shaky pact in hope of slowly growing into one nation. The recent shift in power from Dixie to the North is due to an alliance between the Midlands, El Norte, and Far West with a few conservative Anglos from El Norte. They both experienced France’s religious wars and wanted to found a tolerant society in the New World. In addition, some of the people from New England did not support President Adams because he was against slavery. On the other hand, gold prospectors arrived during the Gold Rush of 1849 and were more individualistic than communal or moralistic like Mormons are. When Mexico did not recognize the border that was created by these actions (the US President Polk declared war on Mexico), everyone except for the Yankees supported it. When people speak about America being multicultural today, what they really mean is that these regions are multicultural. They have also supported lowering taxes for wealthy people and other right wing positions that are shocking to Northerners who support liberal causes like Martin Luther King Day. People who opposed the war lived in Yankeedom and New Netherlands, particularly on college campuses (such as Kent State University). An analysis of voting records from the early 19th century revealed a pattern. The planters in Barbados were harsh toward their workers and used indentured laborers at first but then turned to slavery when they couldn’t find enough poor Englishmen willing to work on the plantations. The American Revolution was primarily fought by the Tidewater gentry to protect their own interests. It’s been ethnically diverse for some time and people there don’t like when government intervenes on their lives. Many died from disease or exhaustion. In 2000, the Dixie bloc gained control of the White House (under George W. Bush), the Senate, and the House of Representatives. To maintain their power over these new immigrants, it was clear that they would have to leave the Union if they wanted to stay on top. Similar conflicts broke out in Georgia and South Carolina between Borderlanders living there—a violent conflict known for its brutality that resulted in guerrilla tactics being used by both sides; meanwhile, Appalachians picked up arms or took political power in Kentucky/Tennessee. Appalachians tended to settle in rural areas and establish few towns or schools. Colin Woodard. In the 1600s, sugar cultivation was a highly lucrative business. He questions the absence of southern Florida and the Caribbean, and Hawaii and the Pacific. Appalachian leader Sam Houston captured Santa Anna’s troops and made a deal with him in which he would withdraw behind the Rio Grande River in exchange for Texas being recognized as an independent country. Once Japan bombed Pearl Harbor though everyone banded together to support America’s entry into World War II. World War II put the Dixie bloc in a bind, as they opposed Hitler and refused to admit that their own racial policies were the model for the Nazis. In response to this trend, some states lowered property requirements for voters while other states made concessions to appease citizens who were angry about tax collectors’ actions. "[5], MarketWatch, examining the book in the context of the 2013 Virginia gubernatorial election, says "Woodard’s redrawn map is winning fans who see it as providing some fresh insight into what is going on in American politics. However, it ultimately became revolutionary once people started leaving England and started coming over to start settlements with their own government making rules. They also witnessed the signing of the Declaration of Independence. They also formed governments to run civic affairs. They saw problems such as alcoholism as social issues that could be fixed by using government programs and other methods. Other people also defended slavery, though they didn’t endorse the idea of an aristocratic republic. The alliance wasn’t as strong because it didn’t have uniform laws or taxes like today’s EU does, so each state acted differently from one another. They assured Woodrow Wilson that he could continue to segregate without any opposition from them, as they joined a branch of military that had been influenced by their culture. There were also four groups: one led by Washington and Patrick Henry, who convinced their fellow Tidewater members to go along with them; another led by Massachusetts Bay Colony and Connecticut; a third group comprised mostly Midlanders who took whatever position their delegation supported (even if it was against what they wanted); and lastly, an Appalachian group whose delegates opposed any type of rebellion or disagreement with other colonies. They’re doing this by creating local governments that combine pre-modern ways with postmodern life. It was materialistic, multicultural, and raucous. Canada is similar to the United States, but it’s more like if the South had successfully seceded. After Cromwell and his Puritan allies fell, the colonies felt that a monarchy was too oppressive. Woodard describes the Civil War as a battle between two regions, the Deep South and Yankeedom. Child Welfare, Labor, and adoption. They were given back their rights to elect assemblies, but they could only be elected by Protestants and they couldn’t govern themselves. Georgia was founded by a group of social reformers who forbade slavery, but southern Carolinians took control of Georgia and spread their slave culture throughout it. The townspeople themselves divvied up the land in an egalitarian way. The Midlands of the United States attempted to stay neutral during the Civil War. These movements were concentrated in New Netherland and Yankeedom. Quakers were having trouble agreeing on religious matters, and the Dutch, Swedes and Finns in the area founded Delaware in 1704. Woodard says that the 11 regions of America have been hiding in plain sight because they are clearly marked on maps. Many also petitioned the Assembly to excuse them from military service against America. They founded schools and towns on the West Coast, but they were outnumbered by other settlers. When confronted with civil rights, they rallied poor whites in the Tidewater and Appalachia to their side by using racial fearmongering and the prospect of race mixing. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. The people in Greater Appalachia turned to new religions that focused on an individual’s salvation and rewards after death. Unlike England’s aristocracy, however, younger sons were not disinherited. However, he ran into trouble when he tried to enforce his values on the rest of the nation. The indigenous people of the Americas had a sophisticated and healthy culture before the Spanish conquest. There are several regions in the United States. The Canadian culture has been influenced by the Loyalists. However, by the 1860s, Europeans immigrating to Yankeedom and the Midlands meant that these regions had more power than ever before in Congress. However, the counties in which those towns were located were more pluralistic. The civil rights movement was resisted by the old Tidewater idea of “libertas.” This is when people are allowed to do whatever they want, even if it hurts other people. The Dixie bloc has been less stable than it appears. 11 Competing American Nations Remain. By the time the conference concluded, all but two colonies had agreed on not buying British goods anymore. After the war ended, people in New England were angry about this. The two populations remained distinct and did not mix well together. Runaways were punished harshly and masters who refused to mete out punishments also got punished. Greater Appalachia was the last region to be colonized. Spaniards introduced cattle to North America, along with other animals such as horses, which led to a new way of life for people living there: ranching or cowboy culture. The Far West has had a long history of being independent and not wanting to be controlled by the federal government. Midlanders wanted states to have sovereignty over national laws. Whites in Appalachia and areas along tidewater were quickest at integrating their schools while places like Mississippi fought against it hardest. The Vanderbilts were one of the families that helped New York become a world-class city. The governor surrendered, and the Dominion was overturned. They are now dealing with two side effects: they have some of the characteristics of statehood and there is a widespread call for democracy. The Puritan tradition brought this to Yankeedom from England’s common law system and House of Commons. They hated abolitionists as well as slave owners because both groups took away individualism, but Fort Sumter pushed most Appalachians into the Union camp, surprising Southern planters. Meanwhile, in Acadia, the settlers married with the Mi’kmaq and became part of that society. Woodard maintains that yes, these regions maintained their dominant cultures, a conclusion also made by cultural geographer Wilbur Zelinksy. However, immigrants from Appalachia and Deep South had no intention of allowing Tejanos (Mexican Texans) to have a role in their new government. Most of Texas north of Corpus Christi had been given away to promoters like Moses Austin so that Americans could settle there, but Mexican laws were ignored by settlers who outnumbered Tejanos by 10-to-1. This is because both sides felt differently about annexing southern portions which included racially mixed groups such as Mexicans who lived there called “Norteños.”. News about what happened back home during the Glorious Revolution reached them, causing a Protestant army to march on Lord Baltimore’s mansion and force him to surrender. African-Americans rebelled against the caste hierarchy in the South with federal government support, and youth revolted all over the world. Colin Woodard’s book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America takes a look at regionalism in the United States and how it has shaped our country. Read the world’s #1 book summary of American Nations by Colin Woodard here. Want to get the main points of American Nations in 20 minutes or less? Want to get the main points of American Nations in 20 minutes or less? During the war, soldiers received IOUs as payment for their service but these notes were sold by poor soldiers for a fraction of their worth after the war when Alexander Hamilton (from, according to author Woodard) proposed paying back speculators with taxes on whiskey which was used as currency during those times. The civil rights movement led to the breakup of the Dixie bloc in the Republican Party. People from the mid-west settled in Ohio. New Englanders settled upstate New York and northern Pennsylvania. Appalachian people went down the Ohio River Valley to parts of Tennessee, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas Hill Country. He named this colony Pennsylvania and advertised it as a safe haven for people seeking religious freedom. From 1988 to 2008, Northern alliance nations voted for Republicans four times. Their power was only matched by that of the Deep South, which kept them contained within certain areas until they could move further north and west. American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America is an American non-fiction book written by Colin Woodard and published in 2011. During the colonial period and early America, the Tidewater region had more power than other regions of the South. Colin Woodard’s 2011 book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America takes a fascinating look at American regionalism and the 11 territories that continue to shape North America. Midlanders saw fighting against tyranny as an opportunity but those on The Left Coast saw it as an anti-authoritarian fight with opportunities for growth (the Far West). However, it was not successful and the settlers were rescued by the local Native Americans. American Nations A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America (Book) : Woodard, Colin : The author describes eleven rival regional "nations" in the United States (Yankeedom, New Netherland, the Midlands, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, the Deep South, New France, El Norte, the Left Coast, the Far West, and First Nation), and how these deep roots continue … Most of those settlers came from Appalachia, so they tended to settle on farms rather than in towns or government positions. When they were attacked by the British again in 1780, slaves joined them because they wanted freedom for themselves and their families. The city’s legacy of slavery continued for many years after it became known as New York City. It barely touched Dixie. The denominations focused on people being “Private Protestants” rather than “Public Protestants.” They focused on saving individual souls and on obedience and order. This led to an increased need for slaves in that region. Woodard’s book traces the development of these nations, which often conflict with each other. In contrast to the stories about John Smith saving Jamestown, he was actually a bad leader. Yankees, however, barely managed to make their influence felt beyond the coasts. Introduction-Part 1. He believes that China is gaining power and influence, while the US is losing ground in terms of its economy and politics. Now Colin Woodard, a Maine-based author, offers "American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America." The society was built on a tiny elite group of whites that controlled everything using violence. The people of New England were affected by their travels to other parts of the country. During the time of the American Revolution, there were many changes. This region will have increasing influence on American society over time since Hispanics will comprise 29% of the population by 2050. The Deep South had a large population that felt this way, along with Appalachia. People from the Appalachian region have long been associated with pioneers, as they were among the first to move westward. It’s tempting to think about the United States as a pretty monolithic country and culture. In addition, El Norte was ruled in an autocratic manner and had little control over its own affairs. They also focused on temperance and Prohibition, children’s welfare, and women’s rights. This region has given rise to many military members, bluegrass music and evangelism. When the First Continental Congress was held, there were different groups of people. The leaders decided to write a new constitution that included all regions’ views. They had mixed ancestry but identified themselves as separate from both groups because they felt superior to everyone else while being proud of their independence. The French settlement in Nova Scotia was originally started on an island in Maine. Georgia was even more loathe to support independence because they didn’t want anything to do with it despite being occupied by the British for most of 1778. If people couldn’t pay these taxes, they lost their farms. Whites moved onto Cherokee land after they were forced off it, causing thousands to die during their journey westward across America called The Trail Of Tears. He supported taking over land from Native Americans without regard for whether it violated Supreme Court rulings against doing so. However, this attempt at cultural conversion failed because after Union troops withdrew from the South in 1876, the region returned to its old ways and deprived African Americans of their rights. In response to crises in their homeland, many people moved west into Greater Appalachia between 1717 and 1776. Maryland was founded as a colony by Cecil Calvert, the Second Lord Baltimore. Download "American Nations Book Summary, by Colin Woodard" as PDF. In Greater Appalachia, people were divided into two groups. The area was settled by merchants and farmers who migrated from New England (Yankee) and Greater Appalachia. Woodard argues that if the Confederates hadn’t attacked Fort Sumter, there might not have been a war because most other regions were ambivalent about secession. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. The principles held dear by each colony often conflicted with those of other colonies, and those conflicting agendas shaped the founding and growth of the United States. These programs were also used in New Netherland and the Midlands but not in the Deep South, Tidewater, or Appalachia. In response to fears about disunion, leaders formed an alliance of sovereign states with joint control over foreign relations and waging war that was similar to today’s European Union, which is made up of countries with their own governments but also has some shared powers. Sir William Berkeley, the governor of Virginia, was a supporter of King Charles I and tried to run his colony as a stronghold for Royalists. They voted for the Democratic party because they felt that Republicans were dominated by people from New England and elsewhere in the North. He appointed Catholics to public office and was a Catholic himself. They crushed all forms of dissent and believe strongly against any other religion being practiced besides Protestantism since everyone must follow their religious values so this shows how Puritanical they are. Get started. Gay rights got similar treatment with states supporting it based on their location – North for gay marriage; Midwest for civil unions; Far West against both; Southern states against them all. The Deep South is at war with Yankeedom, the Left Coast, and New Netherland for control of America. Midlanders were opposed to preparing for war, in part because so many of them were from Germany while New Englanders had mixed feelings about it. They became interested in other religions that allowed them a more direct relationship with God. The Borderlands would go on to reshape America’s future by forming new beliefs that differed from those of the original inhabitants of Pennsylvania. Members of New Netherlands supported the British side, as they feared a Yankee takeover. Most of them went there because Quakers welcomed immigrants of all faiths. However, Tidewater and Deep South states eventually defeated this bill. Many in the original group also turned to trying to find gold, which resulted in the starving winter of 1609-1610. They were afraid that Yankees would take over and end slavery. They wanted to form their own state with more liberal views and even banned slavery and gave voting rights to all men (not just property owners). People in the Deep South were most supportive of the Vietnam War, led by Appalachian Texas President Lyndon Johnson. In fact, most members of this alliance are more conservative than their counterparts in other alliances because they’re not as liberal as Northern Democrats tend to be. Leaders from different regions of the country had different opinions on how to run the government. The author writes about different regions but notes he’s left out certain ones, such as Hawaii and Polynesia. People came from East Anglia which was more economically sophisticated part of England known for its large middle class, influence from the nearby Calvinist Netherlands, and high levels education that dates back before arriving at Massachusetts. In their fight against the Pequot tribe in New England, the Puritans conducted massacres of villages and battled with other tribes as well. Towns still have a lot of self-government today, which is why New Englanders are so involved in their communities. NATIONS: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America, by Colin Woodard (Viking; On-Sale October 3, 2011; ISBN :978-0-670-02296-0; $30.00) is to be required reading. An earlier book, The Republic of Pirates, … In 1755, Lenni Lenape Indians attacked German and Scots-Irish settlements in western Pennsylvania after the Borderlanders took over their land. Stable families settled Yankeedom, which values education and wants to improve society—a secular Puritanism. The people of those regions resented having their lands occupied by Yankee soldiers after the war. These conditions made it impossible for other nations such as Yankees, Midlanders, and Appalachians to settle here because they couldn’t grow crops or access waterways. American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America Colin Woodard. The future of American politics and culture rests in the hands of Hispanics who live in the north. New England supported Puritans and lawyers in London while the Tidewater backed Cavaliers who were aristocrats from the north-west. The United States Constitution was a compromise between different regions. The remaining nations – Midlands, New France, El Norte, and Far West – generally swing individually toward the views of either alliance, depending on the issue. While they loved liberty (freedom), they did not believe in equality for everyone because it was difficult to find enough slaves to maintain their culture with only poor white colonists available as servants. [11], American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America, Articles of Capitulation on the Reduction of New Netherland, "Colin Woodard's 'Eleven Nations' Shows a Less Than United States", "MHQ Reviews: Colin Woodard's American Nations", "The Social Contract Book Review: Irreconcilable Differences- The American nation that never was", "How culture determines who wins elections", "2018 Congressional Party Breakdown by Section and Region", "Book Review: Fascinating visit to 'American Nations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_Nations&oldid=992757070, Books about politics of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 22:57. From NY ) African slaves who were tolerant and multicultural runs from Monterrey, while and! Not successful and the South organized its resistance to the West Coast Woodard... 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