Broadleaf and buckhorn plantain (Plantago major and P. lanceolata) are two major perennial weeds in California. Plantain will exhibit high levels of response to nitrogen — strategic applications that coincide with growth periods have been found to be beneficial. UC IPM Home > 2017. Plantago lanceolata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. In: Proceedings of the 12th Argentine meeting on weeds and their control, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 9-11 October 1991. Use nonselective herbicides with care to prevent drift or overspray onto desirable plants. Plantaginaceae. McIntyre G, Barbe C, 1994. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. The presence of forbs in meadow-pasture plant communities of the Olsztyn Lakeland. So to prevent them from growing in your lawn, you should make changes to the soil. Use a polypropylene or polyester fabric or black polyethylene (plastic tarp) to block weed growth, then cover fabric with mulch to improve aesthetics. Wallingford, UK: CABI. RIBWORT PLANTAIN. J. 2012. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. Troelstra SR, 1992. Ideal germination temperature is around 77°F; however, germination happens more rapidly as temperatures increase. Plantain crowns can regenerate new plants, even when cut off at or below the soil surface. DOI:10.2307/2403433. Lifecycle: Perennial. A field guide to weeds in Australia, revised edition. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 136(1628-31):45-52; 18 ref. A catalogue of problem plants in southern Africa incorporating the national weed list of South Africa. It flowers between April and October; in contrast to the long flower spikes of Greater plantain, the short, oval flower heads of Ribwort plantain appear as … Stoutjesdijk P, 1992. In: Milne-Redhead E, Polhill RM, eds. Grassland Science in Europe [Proceedings of the International Occasional Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Warszawa-Lomza, Poland, 19-23 May, 1997], 2 Poznan, Poland: Organizing Committee of the International Occasional Symposium of the European Grassland Federation. Weed Science, 29(4):455-461. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. Plantaginaceae. black jack, black plantain, buckhorn, buckhorn plantain, buckhorn ribgrass, common plantain, English plantain, German psyllium, hen plant, jackstraw, lamb's tongue, lamb's tongues, lance leaf plantain, lance leaved plantain, long plantain, narrow leaf ribwort, narrow leaved plantain, narrowleaf plantain, narrow-leaved plantain, plantain, rat tail, rat-tail plantain, rib grass, rib-grass, ribgrass, ribwort, ribwort plantain, ripple grass, small plantain, snake plantain, wild sago 1974. Rapporti sull'attivita svolta nell'ambito del subprogetto "Fitoiatria del frumento del mais e del sorgo" Progetto finalizzato fitofarmaci e fitoregolatori, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche; coordinatore V. Piglionica, Rome, 1978., 309-316, Frank JR, Simon JA, 1981. Comptes Rendus 6eme symposium Mediterraneen EWRS, Montpellier, France, 13-15 Mai, 1998. The leaf veins meet at the base to form a broad petiole (leaf stem). Farmland Weeds of China. Toronto, Canada: John Wiley and Sons Inc. Holm LG, Plucknett DL, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, 1977. Stem material is of poor feed value, requiring grazing to control stem initiation. Acta Horticulturae, No.577:283-287; 10 ref. Acta Oecologica, 20(5):537-549; 39 ref. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){(i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m)})(window,document,'script','//','ga');ga('create', 'UA-46953310-1', 'auto');ga('require', 'displayfeatures');ga('send', 'pageview'); Reproductive biology of Plantago: shift from cross- to self-pollination. 21 (2), 617-628. Digging out perennial plantain plants must be done regularly for several years to be successful. Botanical name: Plantago lanceolata. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. A catalogue of problem plants in southern Africa incorporating the national weed list of South Africa. Newer Post Older Post Home This species is traditionally hand weeded in mango and citrus orchards in Mauritius (McIntyre and Barbe, 1994). See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. Mowing is not an effective control since the leaves lie close to the ground. Plantain seeds germinate at or near the soil surface when soil moisture is adequate and soil temperature reaches 50°F. PDF reader. More information about modern web browsers can be found at Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Lane D, 1976. Taiwania, 41(3):180-184; 8 ref. Plantago: a multidisciplinary study [edited by Kuiper, P. J. C.; Bos, M.] Berlin, Germany; Springer-Verlag, 161-169, Pons TL, Toorn J van der, 1988. A new host plant for Junonia villida calybe (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Chen ShihHuei, Tseng YenHsueh, Wu MingJou, Liu ChingYu, 1996. Suggested method of management and control. Patton A, Weisenberger D, eds. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Sharma N, Koul P, Koul AK, 1992. It has a tough short crown with fibrous roots attached. Clapham AR, Tutin TG, Moore DM, 1989. In: Showy Indian Clover (Trifolium amoenum). PDF: To display a PDF document, you may need to use a Plum pox potyvirus detection in weed species under field conditions. Abundance of leafrollers and their parasitoids on selected host plants in New Zealand. This weed may form dense populations of individual plants that compete with desirable plant species. Plantains are unsightly lawn weeds that thrive in compacted soil and neglected lawns. Online Database. Bothalia, 28(2):151-157; 26 ref. Other names for buckhorn plantain include narrow-leaf plantain, ribwort plantain, English plantain, and ribgrass. Sagar GR, Harper JL, 1964. Close mowing prevents seed head formation and maintaining a dense sward will deter or prevent plantains from establishing. Ribwort Plantain has dark green, ribbed leaves and spiky flower heads, usually a greenish-white colour. Lamp C, Collet F, 1979. Acknowledgements In: Callippe Silverspot Butterfly (Speyeria callippe callippe). The only weed that ribwort is likely to be confused with is broad-leaved plantain yet there is a very distinct difference in leaf size and shape. Pyne Gould Guinness Ltd, 1996. Part B, Biological Sciences, 61(6):471-478; 20 ref. Germination and establishment. The links produced by the authority control template on Wikipedia go to authority control data in worldwide library catalogues. Proceedings North Central Weed Control Conference, Volume 36:36-37. London, UK: Crown Agents. The leaves contain mucilage, tannin and silic acid. The seeds of the Broadleaf Plantain weed produce a laxative when eaten raw. It is known by the common names ribwort plantain, narrowleaf plantain, English plantain, ribleaf, lamb's tongue, and buckhorn. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim and Darjeeling. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Like all plantains a single application is usually enough for complete control. Plantains are a stubborn weed that can be a major problem for gardeners. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. Micrometeorological characterization of Plantago sites. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). General morphology in Plantago. 75:103-106. Plantago lanceolata L. Ribwort Plantain Sp.Pl. An extract of them has antibacterial properties. Aphididae (Homoptera) species of Edirne Province (Thrace part of Turkey). A new host plant for Junonia villida calybe (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Ribwort Plantain Plants; Wiki Authority Control Authority control is a method of creating and maintaining index terms for bibliographical material in a library catalogue. The roots are quite strong and do tend to come out in one go. Products with bispyribac-sodium, chlorosulfuron, fluroxypyr, triclopyr, MCPA, and mecoprop will only suppress, but not kill, the weed. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The World's Worst Weeds. USDA-ARS, 2003. People use the parts that grow above the ground for medicine. As it blooms, stamens protrude from the flower head. Removal & control: Ribwort plantain can be removed by hand, however it is important to remove the whole root, or the weed will grow back again. Journal of Applied Ecology. Buckhorn plantain, also known as English plantain, narrow-leaved plantain, and ribwort plantain, is an erect cool-season perennial plant that is a member of the plantain family (Plantaginaceae). ], Buenos Aires, Argentina: Asociación Argentina para el Control de Malezas. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Weber E, 2003. 25 (1), 49-58. Its fibrous root system is primarily found in the top 18 inches of soil. Weeds of the West. Mirkamaly H, Maddah MV, 1973. 2. 108:1-20. Plantain. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 10(2):99-213. Preferred Habitat: Neutral, slightly alkaline soils; very common in lawns. 2nd edition. Repeated removal of plants for several months is most successful in a home garden or lawn. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 27:257-271. Netherlands: Academisch Proefschrift, University of Amsterdam, 175. UC IPM Pest Notes: Plantains. Weeds of alfalfa fields in Arak area. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. There are about 20 species of Plantain found in Victoria, including both Australian native and introduced exotics. Variety: 'Ceres Tonic' syn 'PG 30'. Plantago: a multidisciplinary study [edited by Kuiper, P. J. C.; Bos, M.] Berlin, Germany; Springer-Verlag, 29-48. Pollination biology of some species of genus Plantago L. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 111(2):129-138. Hawthorn WR. The significance of biotic pollination in Plantago lanceolata. Grierson AJC, Long DG, 2001. London, UK: Crown Agents. Flora de Veracruz: Plantaginaceae, No. The seedling stage for broadleaf plantain and buckhorn plantain can last 8 to 15 weeks, depending on growing conditions. This plant is a perennial, reproducing only by seed. xlix + 391 pp. Tokyo, Japan: Kumiai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. Odermatt S, Thomet E, Thomet P, 1998. To reduce the spread of plantain and other weeds, clean equipment prior to use in a new area. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. The plant crown—the growing point at the soil surface—is covered with tan, woolly hairs. Remove any new plantain seedlings and more mature plants before they produce seed. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. 17 (1), 19-28. Handbook of Arable Weeds of Japan. Plantago: a multidisciplinary study [edited by Kuiper, P. J. C.; Bos, M.] Berlin, Germany; Springer-Verlag, 6, Bingham SW, Rucker EG, Shaver RL, 1986. Proceedings of the 12th Argentine meeting on weeds and their control, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 9-11 October 1991., Vol. 1978. Poot P, Broek T van den, Damme JMM van, Lambers H, 1997. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 38(1):67-78. IgE-mediated sensitization to English plantain pollen in seasonal respiratory allergy: identification and partial characterisation of its allergenic components. Broadleaf Plantain is a perennial weed that procreates through the reproduction of their seeds. Early removal of new seedlings is successful when practiced diligently. Plantago lanceolata L., a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan. The blade merges smoothly into the petiole, which is shorter than that of broadleaf plantain. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 40(3):369-372; 11 ref. Lane D, 1976. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Herbicide options are summarized in Table 1. All contents copyright © , 2012. Cavers PB, Bassett IJ, Crompton CW, 1980. USDA-NRCS, 2003. Seed germination of Plantago major ssp. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2009, Trifolium dichotomum (showy Indian clover), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Hedychium flavescens. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Proceedings of the International Occasional Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Warszawa-Lomza, Poland, 19-23 May, 1997. Buckhorn Plantago lanceolata L.. Photo about weed, plantago, stock, good, lanceolata, gardens, nature, come, image, control, midwest, buckhorn - 149933543 16 (6), 385-389. However, this year ribwort plantain seems to have taken over. Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts.The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain.Most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall. Conticello L, Gandullo R, 1991. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Quinclorac provides fair control of buckthorn plantain and poor control on broadleaf plantain. Morita H, 2002. Seeds are black or brown and 1/16 inch in diameter. Mook JH, Haeck J, Toorn J van der, Tienderen PH van, 1989. It may be confused with the similar species broadleaf plantain (Plantago major L.) or blackseed plantain The smooth, oval leaf blades are 2 to 6 inches in length with five to seven ribs that parallel the leaf margins. Both species are found throughout the state and grow year-round, except in the coldest intermountain areas and deserts. (Cambios estacionales de tamaño de plantas, biomasa y fenología en una pradera antropogénica del centro-sur Chile.). Grzegorczyk S, Alberski J, 1999. It is also known by several common names such as English plantain, narrow leaf plantain, buckhorn plantain, ribleaf and lamb's tongue. An extract of them has antibacterial properties[240]. Seed germination of weeds from grasslands of Portugal. FSA contributions 12: Plantaginaceae. Blom CWPM, 1992. It has a taproot and longer, narrower leaves 3 to 12 inches long with parallel veins. Broadleaf plantain commonly occurs in moist areas with full sun or partial shade and compacted soil. Poznan, Poland: Organizing Committee of the International Occasional Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, 227-231. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2020 Regents of the University of California Plantain weed treatment consists of diligently digging out the plants as they appear and treating the plants with herbicides. Nondiscrimination Statement. 6 (Special Issue No. Kozlowski S, Golinski P, Swedrzynska D, Kolpak M, 1997. Glen HF, 1998. The best way to prevent plantains in the lawn is to keep the soil aerated and hea… Flora of the British Isles. Spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae Berlese) and phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae Berlese) in pear orchards and ground cover vegetation in Navarra. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. Online Database, Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. It is quite easy to manually pick out individual plants from a lawn. Iraola Calvo VM, Moraza ML, Biurrun R, 1999. v + 658pp. Grzegorczyk S, Alberski J, 1999. 1:113-114 (1753) Conservation Code: Not threatened ... English Plantain, Narrow-Leaved Plantain, Lamb’s Tongue, Plantain. They have a shallow, thick taproot that keeps them alive over... Eradicating Plantains. Because mulches degrade over time, reapply as necessary. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. ANR ASSOCIATE EDITOR: AM Sutherland Contact webmaster. Morita H, 2002. Broadleaf weed species' response to turfgrass herbicides. Verdcourt B, 1971. Prevention is important, since few options exist to control plantain in ornamental plantings. For more information about the habitat and identifying features, see the Weed Gallery pages on broadleaf plantain and buckhorn plantain. Plantago lanceolata L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 60(4):1269-1282. Zeitschrift fur Phytotherapie, 20(4):231-238. 28 (2), 151-157. It is permanent pastureland, has a rich diversity of plants within it and makes superb meadow hay. Ribwort has been used for medicinal purposes in parts of the world. Again, this plant is very drought tolerant. No single procedure has been successful in controlling plantain in turfgrass. General Biology. Journal of Applied Ecology, 21(2):617-628. The leaves of a young Broadleaf Plantain are sometimes used in salads. They have a bitter flavour and are astringent, demulcent, mildly expectorant, haemostatic and ophthalmic. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2008,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Original citation: Mirkamaly Maddah (1973), Original citation: Milusheva & Rankova, 2002, Original citation: Lopez and Tellez Reyes (1999), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); National list(s); USA ESA listing as endangered species. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. In: Management for Grassland Biodiversity. Ribwort plantain is a plant of grasslands, field edges and cultivated ground and tracks, and regularly pops up in lawns as a weed. Plant Varieties Journal, 9(2):39. The presence of forbs in meadow-pasture plant communities of the Olsztyn Lakeland. Accessibility   Chemical v/s hand weeding in young citrus and mango orchards. Res., 12:33-34. Wang Z, Xin M, Ma D, eds. Cobanoglu S, 2000. Compendium record. Glyphosate and paraquat effectiveness in woody nursery stock. Weed Research. Agro Sur. Ribwort plantain is a very common weed, with its distinctive long, narrow leaves and clusters of erect... Ribwort Plantain Identification. A preliminary study on the effect of some agricultural herbicides on a range of field margin flora. Other pests Latin Name: Plantago lanceolata. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. Brown/green flower heads with white anthers sit atop hairy stalks, which are leafless. Spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae Berlese) and phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae Berlese) in pear orchards and ground cover vegetation in Navarra. Breeding for a Multifunctional Agriculture. Also, older leaves can be steeped in hot water to make a tea that people sometimes use as mouthwash to treat toothaches and mouth sores. UC ANR Publication 7478. The leaf veins converge at the base into a broad petiole (leaf stem) that may be up to 5 inches in length. Birnie JE, 1984. Germination, seedling emergence and establishment of some Plantago species under laboratory and field conditions. Be aware that plantain regrowth from the crown system can limit effectiveness of this method. Both broadleaf and buckhorn plantain were introduced from Europe. 53:658 pp. Overlap fabric so light cannot reach the soil surface. Ribwort plantain can be mechanically or physically removed. However, control of mature plants with herbicides is difficult; products with 2,4-D work best. Plantains grow from the crown area at the soil surface, which allows the plant to persist after defoliation or mowing. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Flowering begins in April and lasts until the first frost of winter. Category: Turf Weeds. Postemergence spot treatment with nonselective, systemic herbicides like glyphosate can control plantains in established ornamental plantings. In: Boller B, Stadelmann FJ, eds. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. Use best management practices such as thatch reduction, appropriate irrigation, and proper mowing height for the desired turf species. Australian Entomological Magazine. Paper DH, Marchesan M, 1999. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare inflammatory breast disease mimicking carcinoma and puerperal or non-puerperal mastitis. 89]. UC ANR Publication 7478. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Seasonal changes in plant size, biomass and phenology in an anthropogenic prairie in southern central Chile. (Występowanie ziół w zbiorowiskach łąkowo-pastwiskowych pojezierza Olsztyńskiego.). The leaves contain mucilage, tannin and silic acid[244]. Seeds are black, shiny, and about 1/16 inch in diameter. Industrial impact in northwestern Whatcom County, Washington. Management for Grassland Biodiversity. Chemical and physical characteristics of the soil of Plantago sites. Weeds. Suckling DM, Burnip GM, Walker JTS, Shaw PW, McLaren GF, Howard CR, Lo P, White V, Fraser J, 1998. Ecological Studies, Vol. Blom CW. Pull weeds or spot treat with herbicides periodically during the year. Application no: 96/017. The biology of Canadian weeds. Common name: Ribwort Plantain. Buckhorn plantain is a plant. Investigation of the antiinflammatory activity of liquid extracts of Plantago lanceolata L. FSA contributions 12: Plantaginaceae. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 58:77-86. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag, 88-98. Nonselective, contact herbicides like diquat, glufosinate, pelargonic acid, and products containing acetic acids, fatty acids, or plant oils can kill small seedlings, but will only damage the aboveground parts of more mature weeds. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Mehta V, Wheeler AW, 1991. Beijing, China: Agricultural Publishing House. However it has dispersed widely throughout the temperate, and s... Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. The vegetation of roadsides and adjacent farmland of the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia. Main causes: compacted soil. These weeds can be found in turfgrass, ornamental plantings, gardens, roadsides, and pastures. Effects of ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata) extract on blood parameters, immune response, antioxidant enzyme activities, and growth performance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Broadleaf plantain is an indicator weed of alkaline soils (high soil pH) with low fertility and soil compaction. Oecologia, 75(3):394-399. Ribwort plantain. All rights reserved. Pest Notes: Plantains I. Observations on eight populations of Plantago lanceolata. by Milne-Redhead E, Polhill RM]. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University. The smooth, oval leaf blades are 2 to 7 inches long with several veins that parallel the leaf margins. Kozlowski S, Golinski P, Swedrzynska D, Kolpak M, 1997. 'Grasslands G27' red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Boleti^acute~n de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 25(1):49-58; 27 ref. Monitor the area for several months to be sure plantains don’t resprout. Established plantains produce seed and vegetative structures that can contaminate equipment and spread to new areas. Ribwort plantain We have a 3 acre field that is used for sheep grazing appx 8 months of the year and left for a cut of hay the rest of the year. Additional postemergence herbicide options include bromoxynil, carfentrazone, dicamba, mesotrione, penoxsulam, and sulfentrazone. Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) - a potential pasture species. Proceedings, Southern Weed Science Society, 39th annual meeting, 110. As we now know, Greater Plantain and Ribwort Plantain grow best in heavily compacted soils. Leaves of buckhorn plantain (left) and broadleaf plantain. Seed survival and seasonal emergence of seedlings of some ruderal plants. Whitson TD, ed. Permanent ground cover and mulch: agricultural aspects. Volume 2 Part 3. Wells M J, Balsinhas A A, Joffe H, Engelbrecht V M, Harding G, Stirton C H, 1986. 136 (1628-31), 45-52. Proceedings of the 21st meeting of the Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section of EUCARPIA, KartauseIttingen, Switzerland, 9-12 September, 1997. Prevention and Control of Plantains Identifying Plantain Weeds. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. Chemical Control Around young trees and shrubs: glyphosate applied twice a year controlled P. lanceolata over several years (Frank and Simon, 1981).