At the present time, 57 amphibian species are known to occur in Kentucky (35 types of salamanders and 22 frogs and toads). It is endemic to the United States. © 2018–2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Small white flecks occur on back and sides giving a metallic appearance. Amphibians lay their eggs in water, usually in a foam nest. Subspecies: In the past, two subspecies were recognized; the Eastern Zigzag Salamander, P. d. dorsalis and the Western Zigzag Salamander, P. d. angusticlavius, Grobman, 1944 (Ann. A zigzag, lobed, straight or wavy Diet: Small invertebrates, especially spiders and beetles.  Thurow (1956, Herpetologica 12: 177-182) gives a long list of characters that can be used to distinguish P. cinereus from P. dorsalis. See Key to Illinois Salamanders for help with identification. New York Acad. Occurs in the eastern two-thirds of TN below 2500 ft. Zigzag Salamander fairly recently split into Northern and Southern Zigzag (P. ventralis) Salamander, which appear identical. Hammerson, G. 2004. Northern Zigzag Salamanderの意味や使い方 出典:『Wikipedia』 (2011/04/14 11:29 UTC 版)The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a spec... - 約1161万語ある英和辞典・和英辞典。発音・イディオムも分かる It is threatened by habitat loss.  It was finally recognized as a full species in 1953. Until 1997, Alabama populations were known as northern zigzag salamanders, Plethodon dorsalis. It is endemic to the United States. Natural History: In late autumn and spring, during rainy periods, it may be abundant under rocks on forested hillsides. camera Nikon 995 photo category: Animal - Amphibian MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ANIMAL common names Northern Zigzag Salamander, Zigzag for The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Philadelphia, 21: 100, but this was a Nomen nudum*. Nat. Ozark Zigzag Salamander- Plethodon angusticlavius While cleaning up the ground layer of logs on an old wood pile before winter set in I came across a seasonal surprise, a salamander with a red back. Description: A small, dark-colored salamander (2.5 to 3.5 inches in length) with a red or orangish wavy pattern, or “zigzag”, extending from the neck down the back to the base of the tail where it straightens out. Northern zigzag salamander Plethodon dorsalis LC Dunn’s salamander Plethodon dunni LC Northern ravine salamander Plethodon electromorphus LC Del Norte salamander Plethodon elongatus NT Fourche Mountain salamander Embryos of the terrestrial red-backed salamander, zigzag salamander and northern slimy salamander undergo direct development and have no larval stage. dorsalis Baird In Cope, 1869, Proc. Bull. notes This is the 'lead' phase of the northern zigzag salamander. It is a red-backed or uniformly dark salamander. The living ones are frogs (including toads), salamanders (including newts) and caecilians. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. Best places to see in Tennessee: Moist, rocky slopes in middle TN or Cumberland Plateau. 607 East Peabody Drive * Nomen nudum is Latin for “naked name”. Females remain with the eggs until hatching in the fall. Southern zigzag salamanders (Plethodon ventralis) occur in scattered sites from northern Mississippi east-northeast to southeastern Virginia, including sites in northern Alabama and Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and western North Carolina. Females have been observed brooding eggs in rock crevices in a southern Illinois cave June through September. Original Description: Cope, E. D. 1889. During the warmer months of the summer, these salamanders retreat to the mouths of caves and to underground burrows where it is cooler and moist. Historical versus Current Distribution. Northern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon dorsalis (Cope, 1889) Key Characters: Reddish or yellowish back stripe broadly zig-zagged, or narrow and straight edged; orange marks around bases of front legs. Black and white belly markings. Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) Adult from Monroe county, Indiana. (Source: Wikipedia, … The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. zigzag carving. Illinois Natural History Survey • Prairie Research Institute. INHS Herpetology Collection They are restricted to the unglaciated regions of Indiana and are found primarily in the west-central, south-central, and southeastern parts of the state. Sci. Similar Species: Eastern Red-backed Salamander has a straight-edged dorsal stripe. Sci., 6: 277), Original Name: Plethodon cinereus dorsalis Cope, 1889. FALL MIGRATION has begun. It has been found in Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi. The northern zigzag salamander, Plethodon dorsalis , uses mild skin secretions, immobility with coiling, cryptic coloration, and tail autotomy upon contact with predators. Gotta be some kind of bryophyte, tho (moss-like fern allies such as Selaginella and lycopods would work too I guess). Plethodon ventralis Highton, 1997 Southern Zigzag Salamander David A. Beamer 1 Michael J. Lannoo 2 1. This woodland species lives in Missouri’s southwestern counties along the Arkansas border.  Repeated attempts to find more specimens in this area have failed. The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Florida State Mus., Biol. Etymology: Plethodon – pletho (Greek) for crowd, multitude, fullness; odon (Greek) tooth; dorsalis – dorsum (Latin) back. Another fact is that they are relatively easy to take care of--provided that you know how to do so correctly. It is one of 55 species in the genus Plethodon. Habitat: Moist, rocky forests. A little different from my other videos, this is just some plain footage of Northern zigzag salamanders. The northern zigzag salamander's natural habitat includes temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Watson Cheat Mountain Salamander by Sam Norris. northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) The northern zigzag salamander averages two and one-half to three and one-half inches in length. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) and Eastern Red-Backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus) are both very similar but often have an orange or yellow dorsal stripe and have lighter, "salt-and-peppered" chins. Description (modified from Smith, 1961): A small (up to 11 cm TL), slender, red-backed or uniformly dark salamander similar to the redback salamander, but differing over much of its range in having a strongly lobulated (zigzag rather than straight-edged) red or yellow mid-dorsal band, or a straight-edged mid-dorsal stripe; costal grooves 16-18; 3.5 to 7.5 costal folds between toe tips of adpressed limbs; tail length of adult usually less than snout-vent length; shoulder or interhumeral region pigmented with orange or red; mental gland prominent in male. It is endemic to the eastern United States. One fact of life is that salamanders have cute faces. In coding theory, a zigzag code is a type of linear error Similar Species: The red phase of the Red-backed Salamander, P. cinereus, has a straight-edged mid-dorsal stripe and is generally a larger salamander than the Zig-zag. Acad. This species also occurs in a brownish-gray color morph without the zigzag. Nomenclatural History: Originally named as a subspecies of P. cinereus in 1889, workers elevated and sunk this species several times, but no junior synonyms were named, with the exception of Plethodon erythronotus var. Northern Zigzag Salamander, Plethodon dorsalis Occurs in the eastern two-thirds of TN below 2500 ft. Zigzag Salamander fairly recently split into Northern and Southern Zigzag (P. ventralis) Salamander, which appear identical. Northern zigzag salamander (P. dorsalis) Cope, 1889 Dunn's salamander (P. dunni) Bishop, 1934 Northern ravine salamander (P. electromorphus) Highton, 1999 Del Norte salamander (P. elongatus) Van Denburgh, 1916 () Duncan The geographic range of northern zigzag salamanders was considered to include central Alabama and western Georgia until the discovery of Webster's salamanders (P. websteri), a sibling species (Highton, 1979) with a potentially narrow contact zone with southern zigzag salamanders (P. … Key Characters: Reddish or yellowish back stripe broadly zig-zagged, or narrow and straight edged; orange marks around bases of front legs. It is endemic to the United States. Northern zigzag salamander is a small, slender salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae, found only in the United States. Breeding information: Northern Zigzag Salamanders breed terrestrially during the fall and spring. For permissions information, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey. Northern Zigzag Salamanders are distributed from Indiana southward to southern Alabama.  However, the species is known from Parke Co., Indiana, two counties due east. After hatching they are tadpoles, which live in the water and have gills. The northern zigzag salamander's natural habitat includes temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves.  In Illinois, the lead phase of the Red-backed Salamander does not occur in the same geographical location as the lead phase of the Zigzag Salamander (Mississippi River of SW Illinois). Northern Zigzag Salamander Scientific Name – Plethodon dorsalis The southern zigzag salamander is very common and is ranked as a species of lowest conservation concern. It has been found in Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi. Females lay 3-9 eggs in underground cavities or in cave entrances during the spring and summer. Sci., 45: 302), which was later elevated to full species. All rights reserved. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. Northern Zigzag Salamander 13. It is only about six to 11 cm long. Habitat: Prefers moist habitat of rocky hillsides, forested slopes, leaf litter, and entrances to caves. Striking geographic variation in back stripe that extends from head to tail tip; in southeastern counties, it is a broad reddish (sometimes yellow) zigzag or has wavy edges; in some individuals, it is yellow, gray, or black. Type Specimen: Syntypes are USNM 3776A-D; USNM 3776A was designated the lectotype by Highton (1962. Amphibians are members of the class Amphibia. The Zigzag Salamander also has orange coloration around the axila ("armpits"). Natural Resources Building Belly is gray or black with orange or reddish speckles. Amphibians (Class Amphibia) form a moderately diverse group consisting of about 4,100 species worldwide including more that 3,700 kinds of frogs and nearly 400 kinds of salamanders. Northern Zigzag Salamander Pictures Gallery wikiHow is here to help with the latter (because salamanders They are four-legged vertebrates which are cold blooded. Southern zigzag salamanders are found with Pigeon Mountain salamanders (P. petraeus), northern slimy salamanders (P. glutinosus), green salamanders (Aneides aeneus), long-tailed salamanders (Eurycea longicauda), cave salamanders (E. lucifuga), and spring salamanders (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus) on Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, Georgia (Wynn et al., 1988). The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family.It is endemic to the United States. It is threatened by habitat loss. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is relatively small as compared to other salamander. Submitted by Ashton smith Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are on a feeding frenzie, Night Hawks and Purple Martins have begun their journey's south. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. It is endemic to the eastern United States. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 34: 5-525 (p. 138). Distribution Notes: Only two specimens are known from Vermilion Co., IL, both in the collection of the University of Illinois Museum of Natural History, and both collected by Alvin Cahn in 1926 from “strip mines near Danville”.  This means that the name was published without an acceptable description. It is a lungless salamander. Champaign, IL 61820. Just throw 'em all in here. Rather, their eggs develop directly into tiny versions of the adults. During mid-summer, individuals move deeper into soil, sometimes encountering moist cave passages where they accumulate in large numbers. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. Pictures of salamanders posed on moss. It was more surprised than I was and made no move to escape until I had picked it up for a portrait. Southern Zigzag Salamander distinguished from identical Northern Zigzag Salamander by range and genetic analysis. Batrachia of North America. Belly red with dark dots. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves.It is threatened by habitat loss. 1 Salamanders of WV West Virginia has 34 species of salamanders that range in length from 4 inches to 2 feet. "Spring lizards," "newts," and "salamanquesas" are also welcome; however, if you insist on using the phrase "snot lizard" to describe salamanders, please find another group to post your photos. Seasonally abundant in woodlands around rocky springs and cave entrances. In counties bordering the Mississippi River, the back stripe is narrower, nearly straight sided, and either red or absent (lead phase). Status in Tennessee: One of the more abundant salamanders in TN. 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