Blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) is an ocean shark popular with many common names such as black-finned shark, blackfin reef shark, gunman, blacktip shark, and reef blacktip shark. These are slow-swimming sea creatures that inhabit both temperate and tropical waters. Scientific Nomenclature – The Shark Naming System All organisms have a double-barreled (“binomial”) scientific name written in Latin. It is found from coastal to offshore habitats to a depth of 100 m, though it prefers shallow water. There they feed on squid, fish, and octopus. Types of Insects with Pictures and Names for Easy Identification, Ants in the Garden - Good or Bad? These species of sharks are also popular for eating up sea snakes such as Hydrelaps Darwiniesis, Lapemis Hardwickii, Hydrophis, Acrochordus Granulatus. The type specimen was a 59 cm (23 in)-long juvenile male caught off the island of Waigeo, west of New Guinea. These carnivorous aggressive sea animals feed on other sharks, stingrays, turtles, and birds. Basking shark is a big type of shark with pointy snout. These sharks have also been known to follow fishing boats and feed on discarded bycatch. As such, they rotate their bodies several times, leap above the water surface to strike at prey such as a school of bony fish. They usually grow to about 5.2ft maximum. Hardnose shark. Therefore, they prefer to stay in larger groups, thus making scientists conclude that their philosophy is in the power of numbers. In this article, you will learn about the identifying features of the most popular kinds of sharks. Teacher Guide & Student Worksheet Page 3 of 6 Thus, Carcharhinus is an animal with a sharp nose and melanopterus means an animal with dark or black fins. Black-finned sharks have a fairly moderate large oval eyes. As its name suggests, this shark has a mega mouth. The whitetip shark has the classic “shark shape” with a flattened body, pointed snout, and razor-sharp teeth. Choose from 500 different sets of common scientific names marine biology flashcards on Quizlet. Their mating season depends on their geographical location, but most of them give birth during winter and spring and their pregnancy lasts up to about 16 months with 2- 4 pups at the end. They swim with their huge mouths open gathering plankton, krill, and small fish in its mouth. These small sharks have grayish-brown skin and grow to between 31” and 50” (0.8 – 1.3 m) depending on the species. Dusky shark. Even though this shark looks aggressive and is a strong swimmer, it is placid and non-threatening. Blacktip sharks supplement their diets with skates, stingrays, squids, and some crustaceans. Publication Date: 1980 : Article/Chapter Title: A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fourth Edition More so, grey reef shark possesses a stockier body. In the wild, they are endangered due to loss of habitat. Their first dorsal fin is tall and the ventral caudal has an obvious black blotch, perfectly traced with white. Create Account. Young black-finned sharks will usually form large groups in a water body that is hardly deep enough to cover their entire body. Although blacktip sharks are often found near to shores, their shy nature means they rarely threaten people. Although, they tend to get swept off due to their timid demeanor. That is placoid scales that are tooth-like in shape and held firmly in the skin. Similar to the whale shark, this is a filter feeder that feeds on plankton as it swims with an open mouth. Blacktip Reef Shark. This file does not include the following sections from the printed version of the book: List of Families . The common name of this species of shark gives a clue to its size. Also, by the smell of both injured and healthy fish. Black-finned sharks have grayish-brown or bluish grey and a white line on the lateral side of their body. Thus, they get excited in the presence of other species and sometimes go into a feeding frenzy. This large species of shark can reach lengths of up to 10 ft. (3.2 m). The name “dogfish” comes from their pack-hunting behavior as they chase other fish. Huge whale sharks are classified in the order Orectolobiformes and they inhabit tropical marine environments. More so, they are a bit of a curious fish shown in their interactions with divers when they enter the water. Blog ... Blacktip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) Shortfin Mako Shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) Shark. 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